Hobart


Hobart
/ˈhoʊbat/ (say 'hohbaht)

noun
the capital of Tasmania, on the Derwent River; seaport.
{named after Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire, 1760–1816, British administrator, secretary for the colonies 1801–04}
The Hobart region lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Nuenonne and Paredarerme peoples. A small party of settlers, convicts and soldiers under Lieutenant John Bowen, sent from Sydney by Governor King to establish a British settlement, arrived at the Derwent River in September 1803. They established themselves at Risdon Cove, near the eastern end of the present Bowen Bridge. The settlement was named Hobart. In February 1804, however, a larger party under Lieutenant Colonel David Collins arrived. This group had been sent from England to establish a settlement in Port Phillip Bay but after a few months Collins decided to transfer to the Derwent. He moved the Risdon Cove settlement to Sullivan's Cove, a few kilometres downstream on the western bank, and renamed it Hobart Town, which remained its official name until 1881. The transplanted settlement developed as a port and base for South Seas whalers and a shipbuilding centre, and in 1825, with Van Diemen's Land's separation from NSW, became the colonial capital. Parliament House, built by convicts in 1835–40 as Hobart's first customs house and bond store, was converted to its present use when the colony became self-governing in 1856. The first Sydney to Hobart yacht race was held in 1949. Hobart plays an important role as a staging post for Antarctic expeditions and research: both the International Division for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the Australian Antarctic Division are headquartered here. The city's heritage buildings, many of which date from the 1830s, include Anglesea Barracks, begun in 1814 and now the oldest military establishment in Australia still used by the army, and the sandstone former warehouses of Salamanca Place.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.